A few recommended resources drawn from fields ranging from cognitive science, public health and educational psychology to rhetoric, development and management. Syntegral has draw from these and many other significant essays and books to formulate its implementer-oriented approach to adaptation.



Allana, A and Sparkman, T. (2014). Navigating complexity: Adaptive management and organizational learning in a development project in Northern Uganda. Knowledge Management for Development Journal 10 (3): 101-112.

Andrews, M. Pritchett, L. and Woolcock, M. (20120. "Escaping Capability Traps through Problem-Driven Iterative Adaptation (PDIA)." CGD Working Paper 299. Washington, DC: Center for Global Development http://www.cgdev.org/content/publications/detail/1426292.

Cartwright, N. (2015). Single case causes: What is evidence and why. In J. Reiss. (Ed.), Philosophy of science in practice. Dordrecht: Springer. https://www.dur.ac.uk/resources/chess/ CHESSWP_2015_02.pdf.

Chambers DA, Glasgow RE,  and Stange KC. The dynamic sustainability framework: addressing the paradox of sustainment amid ongoing change. Implementation Science 2013 8:117.
Cooley, L. & Papoulidis, J. (2018). Tipping the Scales: Shifting from Projects to Scalable Solutions in Fragile States. Development. https://doi.org/10.1057/s41301-018-0155-8.

ExpandNet, (2009). Practical guidance for scaling up health service innovations. World Health Organization: Geneva.

Guba EG, Lincoln YS. (2001) Guidelines and checklist for constructivist (aka Fourth Generation) Evaluation. Evaluation Checklists Project. www.wmich.edu.evalctr/checklists

Hodgins, S. and Quissell, K. (2016).  Scale-up as if Impact Mattered. https://www.healthynewbornnetwork.org/hnn-content/uploads/Empty-Scale-Up-Working-Paper_Dec2016.pdf.
Hummelbrunner, R and Jones, H. (2013). A guide to managing in the face of complexity. Technical Repot. Overseas Development Institute.
Jonassen, DH. (1997). Instructional Design Models for Well-Structured and Ill-Structured Problem-Solving Learning Outcomes. Educational Technology Research & Development, Vol, 45, No. 1, 1997, pp. 65-94.
Managing Complexity: Adaptive Management at Mercy Corps. https://www.mercycorps.org/sites/default/files/Adaptive%20management%20paper_external.pdf.

Massoud MR, Nielsen GA, Nolan K et al. (2006). “A framework for spread: From local improvements to system-wide change." IHI Innovation Series white paper. Institute for Healthcare Improvement, Cambridge, MA.

Perelman Ch. (1982) The Realm of Rhetoric. London: University of Notre Dame Press.

Petraglia, J. (1998). Reality by Design: The Rhetoric and Technology of Authenticity in Education.

Pritchett, L., Woolcock, M, and Andrews, M. (2010). Capability traps? The mechanisms of persistent implementation failure. Working Paper 234, Center for Global Development.
Ramalingam, P. (2013). Aid on the Edge of Chaos. Oxford UP.
Simon, H. (1973). The structure of ill-structured problems.  Artificial Intelligence 4, 181-201.

Stirman, SW., Miller, C.J., Toder, K., and Calloway, A. (2013). Development of a framework and coding system for modifications and adaptations of evidence-based interventions. Implementation Science, 8: 65. https://doi.org/10.1186/1748-5908-8-65.